What Was The Gleneagles Agreement

In 1977, Muldoon joined the Gleneagles Agreement, a pact between Commonwealth leaders, to prevent sports contact with South Africa, which at the time had an apartheid policy – a separate development for its black and white citizens. In 1981, however, he refused to prevent a highly controversial tour of New Zealand for the Springbok rugby team in South Africa. This cartoon by Peter Bromhead deplores the resulting damage to New Zealand`s international reputation. « The agreement was a victory for all Commonwealth countries, as they had all agreed to do their best… Breaking the apartheid system in sport, » said British Prime Minister James Callaghan, adding that each country would strive to « maintain and strengthen » the consensus negotiated at the summit. In the 1977 Gleneagles Agreement, Commonwealth Presidents and Prime Ministers, as part of their support for the international campaign against apartheid, agreed to end contact and competition between their athletes and sports organizations, teams or individuals in South Africa. The agreement was unanimously approved by the Commonwealth of Nations meeting in Gleneagles, Perthshire, Scotland. [1] [2] The agreement limited South Africa`s ability to compete in international competitions involving sports such as rugby and cricket, which tended to dominate Commonwealth countries, which contributed to increased international pressure on the regime. . In view of these and other considerations, they have accepted as an urgent duty of each of their governments to vigorously fight the evil of apartheid, withholding all forms of assistance and taking all practical measures to ensure the contact or competition of their nationals with sports organizations, teams or athletes from South Africa or any other country where sport is organized on the basis of race to prevent and take any practical measures to prevent the trafficking of their nationals with sports organisations, teams or athletes from South Africa or any other country where the sport is organized on the basis of race. , colour or ethnic origin.

In particular, the Heads of State and Government welcomed the unanimous conviction expressed at their meeting that, given their consultations and agreement, it is unlikely that there will be future important sporting contacts between Commonwealth countries or their nationals and South Africa, as long as south Africa pursues the abhorrent policy of apartheid.