What Agreement Did The Sioux Accept In Return For Peace Under The Fort Laramie Treaty

In the mid-1850s, Western Sioux groups crossed the Powder River and entered the Crow Contract area. [21]:340 Chief of Sioux Red Cloud organized in 1856 a war party against a crow camp at the mouth of the Rosebud River. [19]:119-124 Despite the crows fighting « … Great battles with invasive Sioux » near present-day Wyola, Montana,[14]:84 the Sioux had occupied the western region of the Powder River until 1860. [22]:127 What agreement did the Sioux agree to peace under the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868? Immigrants, miners, train cars and American troops began to enter territory which was one of the main resources for buffalo hunting in Cheyenne, Sioux and Arapaho. In 1866, Red Cloud refused to sign a non-aggression contract at Ft Laramie and declared war on all non-Indians who entered the area. He and his group of Oglala Sioux carried out a series of attacks on American settlers and miners who roamed the Oregon and Bozeman trails. When Captain William Fetterman led an aid party on Indian territory in December 1868, they were never seen again. After other battles, including the Wagon Box Fight and the Hayfield Fight, the army finally evacuated the area in 1868.

The contract was established in a series of 17 articles: The process of abandoning the fortresses connected to the Bozeman Trail, under the agreed terms, proved to be a long process, and was blocked by difficulties in arranging the sale of the fortress`s goods to the Indian Affairs Bureau. Fort C.F. Smith was not emptied until July 29. Fort Phil Kearny and Fort Reno were not emptied until August 1. After its abandonment, Red Cloud and its supporters, who had supervised the activities of the troops, went up to death and burned what was left. [44]:45-6 Article 7 dealt with education for 6-16 year olds, in order to ensure, as the Treaty states, « the civilization of the Indians who conclude this treaty. » [30]:5[31] Tribes agreed to force men and women to go to school, and the government agreed to make a school and a teacher available to each of the 30 students who could be brought to participate. [31] On October 26, 2018, five tribal delegations – representatives of Fort Peck Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes, Oglala Sioux Tribe, Rosebud Sioux Tribe, Yankton Sioux Tribe and Northern Arapaho Tribe – at the National Museum of American Indians in Washington, D.C. to view the contract signed by their ancestors and participate in its installation in the nation. treaty between the United States and native American nations. Kevin Gover (Pawnee), director of the museum, first hosted the delegations to the museum.

Michael Hussey, Deputy Director of the National Archives Exhibition, also spoke. The National Archives has 377 ratified Native American treaties and is digitizing them, so they can be available online for Indians and non-Indians. The contract is divided into 17 items. She founded the Great Sioux Reservation, including the possession of the Black Hills, and set aside additional land as an « indecoupable Indian territory » in the regions of South Dakota, Wyoming and Nebraska and eventually Montana. [c] She stated that the U.S. government would have the power not only to punish white settlers who have committed crimes against tribes, but also tribal members who have committed crimes and who should be handed over to the government instead of being prosecuted in tribal courts.